DICTIONARY  

Title image - DICTIONARY  

Genres 

– Adventure: the player solves various quests and progresses through the story to a distant goal, with an emphasis on exploring and solving puzzles 

– Action: the goal of the game is to eliminate enemies, most often by dynamic virtual fights  

– MMOG (Massively-Multiplayer Online Game): a game with a huge player base who share an open virtual world  

– Strategy:  strategy games are focused on thinking and planning to achieve victory. In building strategies, the player builds an economy, in combat strategies, they try to beat their enemy  

– Tycoon: business simulation game, the player builds and manages the operation of their own business 

– Open world: the game allows the player to move freely around the virtual world and gives them considerable freedom in choosing objectives and solving tasks

– Platformer: the player guides a character over a series of obstacles and enemies. These games are mostly arcades – both difficulty and number of traps gradually increase 

– RPG (Role-playing game): the player takes on the roles of fictional characters, for whom they act according to the rules, RPGs are often characterized by vast worlds 

– Simulation: a game that emulates real-life conditions  

– Survival game: the player has the task to survive in a hostile environment, where they face adverse conditions and enemy attacks (monsters, zombies etc.)   

– Sandbox: open-ended, the game provides an open in-game world (including principles and rules) where players can do what they wish

 

Player interaction  

– Multiplayer: a game designed to involve multiple players at the same time 

– Single player: a game that can be played by just one player   

– Co-op gameplay: players work together as a team  

– PVP (Player versus player): a game mode in which two players play against each other, as opposed to playing against the game itself

  

Perspectives: 

– First-person: simulation of the player’s own point of view which creates the impression of being in the game 

– Third person: the camera moves behind the back of the virtual hero, the player can see the character in front of or below them, which provides a better overview of what is happening in the game 

  

 

Platforms: 

– PC and console games: intended for PCs (Windows, Mac, Linux) or game consoles (Xbox, PlayStation, Switch) 

– Mobile games: for mobile devices (mobile phones, tablets) or wearables (smart watches, wristbands) 

– Web games: accessed via a web browser, require internet connection  

– VR/AR games: for special devices such as VR/AR headsets or glasses  

  

 

Gaming models 

– F2P (Free to Play): the game is free to download or play across the platform, often offers microtransactions to access additional content, perks or to speed up the gameplay 

– Premium Game: an upfront payment or purchase to access the game  

– DLC (downloadable content): additional content that can be purchased online and added on to a video game to enhance its features 

– Steam: currently the largest platform for purchasing games digitally, providing multiplayer and communication facilities for players 

  

 

Vocabulary  

– Bug: a coding error in a game 

– Easter Egg:  secret inside jokes or extra features placed inside a game by the game developers  

– Engine: a software development environment. It is a set of tools for game developers which allows the game to work as a complete framework. Examples: Unity, Enfusion, Real Virtuality, CryEngine, Gamemaker, Unreal Engine 4, VRAGE  

– Modding: the ability for the player community to make modifications to the base game, such as adding new locations, custom characters, tools, special abilities etc. 

– Procedural content generation: game content is created algorithmically, not manually 

– Respawn: a game character reappearing after having been killed 

– Swiping: moving the finger left or right between screens on mobile devices 

– Tesseract: a four-dimensional analogy of the cube, a special variant of the supercube 

– VBScript (VBS, Visual Basic Scripting Edition): a scripting language based on Visual Basic for embedding code into web pages and basic scripting 

– Voxel: in computer graphics, it denotes a volume particle representing a value in a regular grid of three-dimensional (3D) space. It is analogous to a pixel, which represents a value in a 2D grid 

– VR: virtual reality  

  

 

 

More articles

Game image - Gaming in Czech Center New York

Gaming in Czech Center New York

Info

Date of event: March 25, 2024   The Bohemian National Hall hosted events related to the European Gaming Industry. First, a “Euro Games Creative Panel” took place, organized by Czech Center New York, in collaboration with CzechInvest, Consulate General of the Czech Republic in New York and EUNIC NY, and followed by the exhibition opening […]

Read more
Game image - INTERVIEW: Hangar13

INTERVIEW: Hangar13

Interview

The penultimate video interview is dedicated to the Hangar13 development studio, from which the legendary game Mafia comes. We will talk about the studio, as well as the latest news with developer Roman Hladik.   HANGAR 13(2014 / Brno, Praha, Novato, Brighton) Hangar 13 is part of the 2K Games family of development studios and consists of teams based in four locations. The majority of the developers are based in Brno and Prague (CZ), as well as Brighton (UK) and Novato (USA). Some of the team members worked on the development of the first two installments of the Mafia series, Mafia: The City of Lost Heaven (2002) and Mafia II […]

Read more
Initiators and organizers
Logo - Česká centra Logo - Visiongame

Support of
Logo - PPF Foundation

Partners
Logo - alza.cz Logo - GDA Logo - GDS Logo - Prusa Reasearch Logo - Soundsgate

Media partners
Logo - Radio Prague International Logo - Visiongame